॥ਪਾਤਸ਼ਾਹੀ10॥.Org

....ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਰਸਨਾ ਤੋਂ ਉਚਾਰੀ ਗਈ ਪਾਵਨ ਬਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਸੰਗ੍ਰਿਹ

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

Q. What is the identity of names ‘Shyam’ and ‘Ram’ that appear in some compositions of Dasam Granth?

E-mail Print PDF
Question. What is the identity of names ‘Shyam’ and ‘Ram’ that appear in some compositions of Dasam Granth?

Answer. This misunderstanding about the appearance of names ‘Ram’ and ‘Shyam’ in the Dasam Bani was first created by the self-styled puritans called the bhasurias. They tried to prove that most of the Dasam Granth was written by the poets Ram and Shyam, names which occur in one or two compositions in the Dasam Granth. There is more than sufficient internal and external evidence in every composition to show that all the writings in the Dasam Granth were the works of Guru Gobind Singh. The names Ram and Shyam are used in some places as pen names. Actually speaking, they were not pen names but poetic translations of Guruji's names. Guruji's name Gobind is an attributive name of God; so also are Ram and Shyam. In Sikh theology the three words govid, ram and syam mean the same thing as the following quotations from the Guru Granth prove:

siyam sundar taj nind kiun ai [Guru Arjan: Suhi]

siyam sundar taj an jo cahit jio, kusti tun jok [Surdas: Sarang]

govid govid govid har govid guni nidhaan....
govid govid govid jap mukh ujhal pardhan [Guru Ram Das: Var Kanra]
ram ram kirtan gae ram ram ram sada sahae [Guru Arjan: Rag Gond]

In all the above quotations from the Guru Granth the words ram, syam and govid mean the same thing; and so also they do in the Dasam Granth where they stand for Guru Gobind Singh. That is why two or sometime all three of these names occur in the same composition.* This practice of writing a synonym for the proper noun in the Dasam Granth applies not only to his own name but to many other names also. iln the Dasam Granth, Guru Gobind Singh writes Netra Trung for Naina Devi, Satdrav for Satluj, Dasampur for Anandpur, Shah Sangram for Sango Shah, and Madra-desh for the Punjab. Even in our own times Bhai Sahib Vir Singh's maternal uncle Pandit Hazara Singh wrote his name Hazoor Hari while his father Dr. Charan Singh wrote his name Charan Hari. Sardar Dharma Anant Singh, in his book Plato and the True Enlightener of Soul, writes the name of Sant Attar Singh as Mrigindus Atrus. So Ram, Shyam and Govind are synonymous names of Guru Gobind Singh.

*In the Guru Granth the name Gobind is written both as ‘Govind’ and ‘Gobind’. But in Guru Gobind Singh's writings it always occurs with "b" as ‘Gobind’. Guru Gobind Singh spent most of his life in the Doaba area of the Punjab where the words with "v" are pronounced "b". Guru Gobind Singh Used it very often in his writings. He writes ‘bade bade’ for ‘vade vade’; ‘maru bajia’ for ‘maru vajia’; ‘abigat’ for ‘avigat’; ‘Bishnu’ for ‘Vishnu’; ‘barn’ for ‘varn’, and innumerable other cases. So Guruji preferred to write his name as Gobind and not as Govind.

(Adapted from Dr. Trilochan Singh's historic article 'The History and Compilation of the Dasm Granth, published in 1955)
Comments (0)
Only registered users can write comments!
 
Banner

Featured Videos

Smallest Beerh of Sri Dasam GranthThis first copy of the beerh was created by Bhai Balwinder Singh (Takhat Sri Hazur Sahib) and was presented to 'Sant Sipahi' magazine
Giani Gurbachan Singh, Jathedar Sri Akal Takhat SahibGiani Gurbachan Singh, Jathedar Sri Akal Takhat Sahib, talks about maryada and his tenure as sevadaar at Sri Darbar Sahib, Muktsar Sahib. He mentions how, he as a sevadaar, used to perform seva of doing parkash and taking hukamnama from Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Sri Dasam Granth Sahib

Gurbani Recitation with Translation

Banner

New Book Released

Banner
Banner
Banner

Thus said the Master...

ਪੰਥ ਚਲੇ ਤਬ ਜਗਤ ਮੈ ਜਬ ਤੁਮ ਕਰਹੁ ਸਹਾਇ ।  (ਬਚਿਤ੍ਰ, 6, 30)


The Panth (the religious order of righteousness) will be established provided there is Your support (Bachittar, 6, 30)

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
Bachittar Natak

Stay Tuned!

Banner
Join us on Facebook and keep yourself updated with the contents of this website

Gurmukhs on Sri Dasam Granth

Banner
Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha
Banner
Prof. Puran Singh
Banner
Sirdar Kapur Singh
Banner
Shaheed Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale
Banner
Giani Sant Singh Maskeen
Banner
Bhai Sahib Randhir Singh
Banner
Prof Sahib Singh

Guru's Sikhs

ਪਢਕੈ ਤਿਹਾਰੀ ਬਾਨੀ ਸ੍ਰੀਮਨ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ,
ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤ ਜਨ ਹੋਯ ਰਹੈਂ ਅਗ ਮੈ
ਸਾਧੁ ਮੇਨ ਸ਼ੇਰਪਨ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਮੇਨ ਸਾਧੁਮਨ,
ਦੋਊ ਪਨ ਦੇਖਿਯਤ ਆਪ ਹੀ ਕੇ ਮਗ ਮੇ
ਗਵਾਲ ਕਵਿ ਅਦਭੁਤ ਬਾਤੇ ਕਹੋਂ ਕੌਨ ਕੌਨ,
ਭੌਨ ਨੌਨ ਜ਼ਾਹਰ ਜ਼ਹੂਰ ਪਗ ਪਗ ਮੇ
ਸਿਖ ਜੇ ਤਿਹਾਰੇ ਸਭ ਸੰਗਯਾ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਿੰਘ ਭਯੇ,
ਸਮਰ ਮੇ ਸਿੰਘ ਭਯੇ ਸਿੰਘ ਭਯੇ ਜਗ ਮੇ 

(ਕਵੀ ਗਵਾਲ, ਗੁਰ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਰਤਨਾਵਲੀ. ਪੰਨਾ 253)

 

 

Share This Article

Corrupted!

Banner

Support Patshahi10.Org

Yes, I enjoy this website and would like to support it!

Amount: